Roof Flashing: What It Is and Why You Need It
There are many ways in which water can damage and even ruin your home. Water getting into your house is a big deal, and if you have a place in your roof or in the structure of your home which is consistently letting in water, addressing it right away is the surest chance of saving money and avoiding angst.
The Purpose of Roof Flashing
Your roof is your home’s first defense against water. Having a well-constructed roof is the most important thing, and one of the components of a sound roof is properly placed roof flashing. In fact, if your flashing isn’t well-done or if it deteriorates too quickly because cheap materials are used, it won’t matter what other materials are on your roof, what it looks like or how much it cost you because you’ll have a big problem with water inside in no time at all. In addition, water means structural damage, rot and mold.
You need flashing because it is the main thing keeping your roof watertight. There are three ways in which water gets into your home:
- Surface tension
- Wind pressure
The flashing has to be installed properly to defeat all three of these. It can be lapped shingle-style, it can be soldered, it can be sealed so that it functions as a continuous surface or it can be configured non-continuously to defeat water surface tension.
Without roof flashing, water would run down the chimney where the roofing tiles and chimney meet, in the valleys where two pitched roofs meet, and any other jointure where the roofing material meets something coming up through it.
In other words, flashing keeps all the joints in your roof watertight. The joints can’t be kept tight with a cement fillet – even with a bonding agent. You need flashing to direct the flow of water around openings and push it down toward your gutters.
Where Roof Flashing Is Used
Normally flashing is placed first if a new roof is being constructed. If flashing is being replaced, two or three lines of shingles will have to be removed on either side first.
In the case of chimney stack flashings, two pieces are used per side: the lower piece under the shingles – a couple inches up the chimney wall – and the top piece fitting into a groove chased from the mortar between bricks – about 6 inches high – and re-sealed with mortar. The top piece gets pushed down to cover the bottom flashing, ending 1 inch above roof tiles.
Aside from valleys and chimneys, flashing is used beneath the first course above ground level in a masonry building, above all wood trim on shelves doors and windows, exterior stairs, decks and porches attached to the house and any features in the roof structure including:
- Hood vents
- Pipe vents
What is Flashing Made Of?
Roof flashing can be made of sheet metal, plastic or composite materials. Check with your contractor to see what materials they are using. Metal will be the most durable and most expensive. Aluminum, copper, lead (covered in waterproof paint), zinc, galvalume, galvanized or stainless steel can be used as flashing. Additionally, PVC plastic flashing, which is less expensive, can wear down in direct sunlight so you need to be careful.
There are several methods of installing flashing and many types of materials used. This crucial piece of roofing may be worth your time looking into and having a conversation with your contractor about.
It takes skill and experience to install flashing well, so definitely hire a professional and make sure it gets done the right way the first time.
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